Smith v. Heckler

707 F.2d 1284 (1983)

From our private database of 45,900+ case briefs, written and edited by humans—never with AI.

Smith v. Heckler

United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit
707 F.2d 1284 (1983)

Facts

In 1938, Lucille Smith (plaintiff) entered a relationship with Darryl Knight, who was listed as the father of Smith’s five children. Smith and Knight never married and separated in the mid-1940s. In 1949, Lucille Smith began cohabiting with Yarbrough Smith in Florida. Lucille adopted the surname Smith, made insurance and business decisions with Yarbrough, and filed joint tax returns. When Yarbrough filed for retirement benefits, he listed Lucille as his wife. Yarbrough died in 1975, and in 1979, Lucille Smith applied for Social Security widow’s insurance benefits under 42 U.S.C. § 402(e)(1). Through an administrative-law judge, Heckler, the secretary of the Social Security Administration, (defendant) denied Smith’s claim, stating Smith had not dissolved a previous common-law marriage to Knight before her marriage to Yarbrough Smith. Smith sought judicial review in the District Court for the Middle District of Florida. The district court upheld the decision of the Social Security Administration, and Smith appealed.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Henderson, J.)

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 733,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Berkeley, and Northwestern—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students.

    Unlock this case briefRead our student testimonials
  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students.

    Learn about our approachRead more about Quimbee

Here's why 733,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 45,900 briefs, keyed to 984 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.

Access this case brief for FREE

With a 7-day free trial membership
Here's why 733,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
  • Reliable - written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students
  • The right length and amount of information - includes the facts, issue, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents
  • Access in your class - works on your mobile and tablet
  • 45,900 briefs - keyed to 984 casebooks
  • Uniform format for every case brief
  • Written in plain English - not in legalese and not just repeating the court's language
  • Massive library of related video lessons - and practice questions
  • Top-notch customer support

Access this case brief for FREE

With a 7-day free trial membership