Spokeo, Inc. (defendant), operated a website that allowed users to search for a person and that returned information about the person culled from databases and other sources. Someone performed a Spokeo search for Thomas Robins (plaintiff) that returned incorrect information. Robins became aware of the inaccuracy and filed a class action suit against Spokeo in the United States District Court for the Central District of California under the Fair Credit Reporting Act of 1970. The act required consumer reporting agencies to adopt certain procedures to ensure the accuracy of their reports. Spokeo argued that Robins did not have standing because he was not injured in fact. The United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit found that Robins did have standing. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.