Stack and eleven others (defendants) were arrested for violating a federal statute. Bail was set anywhere between $2,500 and $100,000 dollars. The district court fixed bail at $50,000 for each defendant after the government moved to increase bail. The defendants moved to reduce bail, arguing the bail was excessive under the Eighth Amendment. The defendants presented evidence regarding their financial resources, family relationships, health, prior criminal records and other information. The government showed only that four others who had previously been convicted under the relevant federal statute had forfeited bail.