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State of Maharashtra v. Sharma

No. 508/07 (2008)

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State of Maharashtra v. Sharma

India Court of Sessions

No. 508/07 (2008)

Facts

Aditi Sharma (defendant) was a young woman who was happily engaged to be married to Udit Bharati, since deceased. Sharma fell in love with another man, Pravin (defendant) and left Bharati to settle with Pravin. Sharma and Pravin allegedly conspired to murder Bharati by poisoning him with arsenic. Bharati died, and the police charged Sharma and Pravin with Bharati’s murder. The State of Maharashtra (plaintiff) prosecuted Sharma and Pravin for this offense. Sharma agreed to be tested with a brain electrical oscillation signature (BEOS) system (i.e., a type of psychological-credibility test), and her head was connected to 32 electrodes in a noninvasive manner. A forensic scientist performed an electro-encephalogram (EEG) during which Sharma listened to a tape-recorded voice talk about the alleged murder. When Sharma heard incriminating statements about how the murder was committed, the EEG registered bright colors showing that certain memory centers in her brain were activated. The forensic scientist presented this evidence of Sharma’s guilt to the criminal-court judge during the prosecution. The judge weighed all the evidence to determine Sharma’s guilt.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Phansalkar-Joshi, J.)

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