State of Missouri v. Harris

58 F. Supp. 3d 1059 (2014)

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State of Missouri v. Harris

United States District Court for the Eastern District of California
58 F. Supp. 3d 1059 (2014)

Facts

The California Legislature passed AB 1437, which required egg farmers in other states to comply with certain minimum enclosure requirements for egg-laying hens in order to sell eggs in California. The new legislation would financially burden egg producers in several states. Thus, the state governments for Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Alabama, Kentucky, and Iowa (plaintiffs) brought an action under the parens patriae doctrine against the State of California (defendant), claiming that AB 1437 violated the Commerce and Supremacy Clauses of the United States Constitution. The states claimed that the legislation would restrain interstate commerce by imposing higher costs on out-of-state producers if they wanted to compete in California. California filed a motion to dismiss the case, arguing that the states lacked standing to bring such claims.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Mueller, J.)

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