State v. Arriola
Court of Criminal Appeals of Tennessee
2009 Tenn. Crim. App. LEXIS 728 (Aug. 26, 2009)
Richard Arriola (defendant) suffered from paranoid schizophrenia. Arriola was hospitalized for treatment three times between 1987 and 1991. The third hospitalization was judicially ordered after a physical altercation. Because of Arriola’s schizophrenia, he suffered from mental delusions and paranoia. After Arriola was released from hospitalization, he lived in his parents’ basement and did not continue treatment. In 1995, Arriola’s parents decided to serve Arriola with an eviction warrant, believing the judge would order Arriola to be committed to treatment. When police served the warrant, Arriola shot at the officers with a handgun and later with a shotgun. One officer was killed. Arriola retreated back into the house, and the Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) team was called to the scene. When the SWAT team attempted to penetrate the house, Arriola fired more shots. Arriola was charged with one count of first-degree murder and multiple counts of attempted murder. Arriola was not deemed competent for trial until 2006. While in custody between 1995 and 2006, multiple doctors observed that Arriola suffered from severe hallucinations and delusions. The doctors believed that, due to these delusions, Arriola was unable to understand the wrongfulness of his conduct at the time of the shootings. Despite testimony to that effect, Arriola was convicted on all charges. On appeal, the Court of Criminal Appeals of Tennessee remanded to the trial court for clarification of the trial court’s factual findings about Arriola’s insanity defense. The trial court’s response relied on the belief that an understanding of the wrongfulness of an act was encompassed by an understanding of the nature of the act. Arriola appealed on the ground that the trial court applied the incorrect legal standard for an insanity defense.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Wedemeyer, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 176,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,000 briefs, keyed to 188 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.