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State v. Hunter

Supreme Court of Kansas
740 P.2d 559 (1987)


Facts

At the time of this case, § 21-3401 of the Kansas Statutes precluded use of the defense of compulsion  in cases where the defendant was charged with first degree  murder or voluntary homicide, but did not specifically state whether the defense was permitted in felony murder cases. Hunter (defendant) hitched a ride in a truck in which Remeta and others were riding. Remeta, after brandishing guns and making threatening comments to Hunter about killing hitchhikers, shot and wounded a policeman who had pulled the truck over. The group then proceeded to a grain elevator, where Remata, apparently assisted by Hunter, took two people as hostages. After the truck had proceeded some distance, Remata shot and killed the hostages. Hunter was charged with two counts of felony murder for his participation in the kidnapping and killing of the hostages. At Hunter’s trial, witnesses for the State (plaintiff) testified that Hunter had been armed, but both Hunter and Remata testified that only Remata was armed and that Remata had ordered Hunter to watch the hostages. There was testimony that Hunter had been out of Remata’s sight at the back of the elevator building for a period of about five minutes, but Hunter testified that he did not think he had a chance to escape. The court refused Hunter’s request to instruct the jury on the defense of compulsion on the ground that § 21-3401 precluded the defense in cases of felony murder. Hunter was convicted of felony murder and appealed to the Supreme Court of Kansas.

Rule of Law

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Issue

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Holding and Reasoning

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  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

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