When he was 11 ½ years-old, Q.D. (defendant) committed first-degree trespass, a felony if it had been committed by an adult. In a pretrial juvenile court proceeding to determine whether Q.D. possessed the capacity to understand the nature of his act and that it was wrong, a case worker and a detective each testified. The case worker testified that Q.D. was familiar with the justice system, was street wise, and that he used his age as a shield. The detective testified that Q.D. had been cooperative nearly two years earlier in a burglary investigation being conducted which resulted in Q.D. plea of guilty to the offense. Evidence in the guilt phase of the trespass case was provided by the principal and a custodial engineer of the school Q.D. was charged with trespassing. A judge found that Q.D. possessed the capacity to commit crime and a separate judge adjudicated Q.D. of first-degree trespass. Q.D. and another juvenile in a similar case appealed their separate adjudications. The court of appeals consolidated the cases and affirmed the adjudications. Q.D. and the other juvenile appealed.