From our private database of 30,900+ case briefs...
Steel Co. v. Citizens for a Better Environment
United States Supreme Court
523 U.S. 83 (1998)
The Emergency Planning and Community Right-To-Know Act of 1986 (EPCRA) created a system of state and local agencies tasked with ensuring that the public was informed about the presence of hazardous wastes. This system required hazardous-waste users to file forms reporting the details of their waste storage and releases each year. EPCRA authorized the use of citizen suits against waste operations that failed to file the required forms. After learning that Steel Company (Steel) (defendant) had not filed the required EPCRA reporting forms, Citizens for Better Environment (CBE) (plaintiff) sent notice of its intent to file a citizen suit. Steel promptly filed all of its overdue forms. CBE then filed suit in federal district court, seeking (1) a declaratory judgment that Steel had violated EPCRA, (2) permission to inspect Steel’s operations and records, (3) an order requiring Steel to provide CBE with copies of Steel’s EPCRA filings, (4) payment of civil penalties for each day of Steel’s violations, and (5) payment of CBE’s attorney fees and costs. Steel filed a motion to dismiss. The district court granted Steel’s motion, finding that there was no present violation of EPCRA. The United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit reversed, holding that EPCRA did authorize suits for purely past violations. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari to determine whether CBE had standing to bring a citizen suit alleging past EPCRA violations.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Scalia, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 552,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Berkeley, and Northwestern—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students.Unlock this case briefRead our student testimonials
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students.Learn about our approachRead more about Quimbee
Here's why 552,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 30,900 briefs, keyed to 984 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.