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Sugarman v. Dougall
United States Supreme Court
413 U.S. 634 (1973)
A New York state statute prohibited aliens from being employed as civil servants in the competitive class. This prohibition applied to a wide range of positions, though not to elected offices or higher offices in state agencies. Several New York resident aliens who were discharged from civil-service positions on the basis of their alienage (plaintiffs) brought an action against the administrator of the New York City Human Resources Administration (defendant), challenging the constitutionality of the statute. A three-judge panel of the district court held that the statute violated the Fourteenth Amendment and the Supremacy Clause. The United States Supreme Court noted probable jurisdiction to review the case.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Blackmun, J.)
Dissent (Rehnquist, J.)
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