Manuel Talley (plaintiff) was arrested for distributing handbills in violation of a Los Angeles City (defendant) ordinance. The ordinance prohibited the distribution of any handbill that did not disclose the identity of the drafter and distributor. Talley argued that the ordinance violated the rights to freedom of speech and freedom of the press. The First Amendment protects these rights from invasion from the federal government. The Fourteenth Amendment extends this protection, shielding these freedoms from invasion by the state and local governments as well. The Los Angeles municipal court found Talley guilty and fined him $10. The appellate court affirmed the conviction. This was the highest level of state court review for Talley. Talley then petitioned the United States Supreme Court for certiorari, and his petition was granted to review the constitutional issue.