Taxpayers of Michigan against Casinos v. Michigan

685 N.W.2d 221 (2004)

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Taxpayers of Michigan against Casinos v. Michigan

Michigan Supreme Court
685 N.W.2d 221 (2004)

Facts

In 1997, the governor of Michigan signed compacts with four tribes in the state (defendant). Each compact was to take effect after the endorsement by the governor and corresponding endorsement by the state legislature. The compacts were amended in 1998, and later that year, the state legislature passed House Resolution 115 (HR 115), which approved the compacts. Taxpayers of Michigan against Casinos (the taxpayers) (plaintiff) filed suit against the state seeking a declaratory judgment that HR 115 constituted legislation because it altered legal rights and responsibilities and therefore required formal legislative process, including adoption by bill. The circuit court ruled in favor of the taxpayers, finding that the resolution was legislation and, without formal process, the compacts were constitutionally invalid. The court of appeals reversed, determining that the legislative resolution was a proper means of approving the compacts.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Corrigan, C.J.)

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