Thabo Meli and three others (collectively defendants) invited a man to a hut with the intent to kill him. While the man was at the hut, one of the defendants hit the man on the head with a piece of iron. The man fell over unconscious, but was not killed by the blow. However, the defendants believed that the man had died. The defendants rolled the man down a hill, made the scene look like it had been an accident, and left. The defendants were indicted for murder. At trial, evidence of the post-mortem examination conducted on the man revealed that the blow to the head had not killed him and that death resulted from being left unconscious in the elements at the foot of the hill. The defendants were convicted and they appealed.