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The Civil Rights Cases: United States v. Stanley

United States Supreme Court
109 U.S. 3 (1883)


Facts

Congress passed the Civil Rights Act in 1875. Part of the first sections of the Act prohibit discrimination against individuals in establishments including restaurants, hotels, and stores on the basis of race. This case is a consolidation of five different cases from various lower courts heard by the United States Supreme Court. In each case, plaintiffs alleged defendants violated some aspect of the Civil Rights Act. Specifically, in United States v. Stanley, plaintiffs were several African-Americans that brought suit against Stanley and Nichols (defendants), hotel owners, for denying them admittance to their hotels.

Rule of Law

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Issue

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Holding and Reasoning (Bradley, J.)

The holding and reasoning section includes:

  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

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Dissent (Harlan, J.)

The dissent section is for members only and includes a summary of the dissenting judge or justice’s opinion. To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.

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