Quimbee logo
DMCA.com Protection Status
From our private database of 18,400+ case briefs...

The Diplomatic and Consular Staff Case (U.S. v. Iran)

International Court of Justice
1980 I.C.J. 3 (1980)


On November 4, 1979, the Muslim Student Followers of the Imam’s Policy (militants) invaded the United States embassy in Tehran and took the American diplomatic and consular staff hostage. The militants damaged the embassy and destroyed embassy documents. The invasion lasted for hours, but despite repeated requests, Iranian military forces did not arrive until later. Once on scene, the Iranian military did not attempt to free the hostages. After the active invasion ended, the Iranian government claimed that the U.S. was responsible for the events, and announced that the hostages would remain until the U.S. returned the former Shah of Iran for trial. On November 29, 1979, the U.S. filed a claim against Iran in the International Court of Justice (ICJ), alleging violations of the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations of 1961 and 1963, and the Treaty of Amity, Economic Relations, and Consular Rights of 1955. The Vienna Conventions required signatories to “take all appropriate steps” to protect diplomatic and consular staff in foreign embassies, as well as embassy facilities and archives. Iran declined to submit formal documents or otherwise participate in the proceedings, except for two letters in which it stated that the ICJ should not hear the case, because the hostage situation resulted from years of American interference with and oppression against Iran.

Rule of Law


Holding and Reasoning

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 496,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.

  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.

Here's why 496,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 18,400 briefs, keyed to 985 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.

Questions & Answers

Who was the Commissioner, arbitrator, or decision maker? Who was the plaintiff and the defendant?

Want to see this answer?

Sign up for a free 7-day trial and get access to all answers in our Q&A database

Sign up for a FREE 7-day trial

Tempor minim nulla id mollit ullamco consequat aliquip adipisicing irure officia tempor. Magna sit eiusmod laborum proident laboris ex sunt. Non labore ex officia irure qui et laboris aliqua in minim. Labore velit aliqua proident officia cillum occaecat dolore tempor. Ullamco in consequat labore amet laborum proident reprehenderit anim cillum excepteur. Elit do nostrud nisi excepteur sit dolor pariatur fugiat. Nisi incididunt incididunt do est velit excepteur enim excepteur incididunt mollit pariatur. Irure tempor non in esse do. Laboris eiusmod in ad ut enim est duis ad sint veniam eiusmod. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt.