The “Hoshinmaru” Case (Japan v. Russian Federation)
International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea
ITLOS Case No. 14 (2007)
The Hoshinmaru, a Japanese fishing vessel, received a license from the Russian Federation to fish in three areas in Russia’s exclusive economic zone. Pursuant to the license, the vessel was permitted to fish 101.8 tons of sockeye salmon and 161.8 tons of chum salmon, among other types of fish. On June 1, 2008, a Russian patrol boat stopped the Hoshinmaru while it was fishing in Russia’s exclusive economic zone. Russian inspectors discovered that the ship’s employees had hidden 20 tons of sockeye salmon under a layer of chum salmon for the purpose of underreporting the amount of sockeye salmon they caught. Russia detained the ship and recorded the detention on the ground that the ship was keeping inaccurate logs of its catch and substituting the fishing of sockeye salmon for chum salmon in violation of Russia’s right to promote conservation and manage resources in its exclusive economic zone. Russia imposed a bond on Japan of 22,000,000 rubles for release of the ship. Japan applied for a judgment on the matter from the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (Tribunal). The Tribunal considered the case.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning
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