Quimbee logo
DMCA.com Protection Status
From our private database of 18,400+ case briefs...

Todd v. State

Court of Appeal of Florida for the Fifth District
594 So.2d 802 (1992)


Todd (defendant) stole $110 from the collection plate of a church. Richard Voegltin, a church member who witnessed the crime, got into his car and drove after Todd. During the chase, Voegltin, who suffered from a heart condition, veered off the road after experiencing cardiac dysrythmia. Voegltin crashed into a tree and died of cardiac arrest. Todd was charged with manslaughter, on the theory that he caused Voegltin’s death by committing the misdemeanor theft, which resulted in Voegltin’s giving chase to retrieve the money. The theory is an embodiment of the misdemeanor-manslaughter rule, which states that an unintended homicide, occurring during the perpetration of a misdemeanor, constitutes involuntary manslaughter. Todd filed a motion to dismiss, contending that his actions cannot be considered the cause of Voegltin’s death, because Voegltin was predisposed to have a heart attack due to his existing condition, and Todd did not know of the condition. The trial court denied the motion. Todd was offered a plea agreement and pled guilty to the manslaughter offense. The agreement reserved Todd’s right to appeal the denial of his motion to dismiss, which he did.

Rule of Law


Holding and Reasoning (Griffin, J.)

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 497,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.

  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.

Here's why 497,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 18,400 briefs, keyed to 985 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.

Questions & Answers

Have a question about this case?

Sign up for a free 7-day trial and ask it

Sign up for a FREE 7-day trial