United States of America v. United States District Court for the Central District of California (Kantor)

858 F.2d 534 (1988)

From our private database of 46,000+ case briefs, written and edited by humans—never with AI.

United States of America v. United States District Court for the Central District of California (Kantor)

United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
858 F.2d 534 (1988)

RW

Facts

To protect minors from sexual exploitation, Congress enacted a strict liability statute prohibiting filmmakers from showing minors performing sexually explicit acts. The statute provided severe penalties for violators and did not require prima facie evidence that the filmmaker knew the performer was a minor. The United States government (plaintiff) alleged that Ronald Renee Kantor and Rupert Sebastian McNee (producers) (defendants) violated the statute by making a sexually explicit film featuring a 16-year-old star, and prosecuted the producers in the United States District Court for the Central District of California. The producers proffered evidence that the star deceived them into thinking she was an adult, and they had no knowledge as to the star's true age. The government moved to bar the evidence because scienter was not an element of the statutory offense. The producers moved to dismiss the indictment on the grounds that, without the element of scienter, the statute denied them the right to free expression guaranteed by the United States Constitution's First Amendment. The court denied both motions.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Kozinski, J.)

Dissent (Beezer, J.)

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 742,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Berkeley, and Northwestern—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students.

    Unlock this case briefRead our student testimonials
  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students.

    Learn about our approachRead more about Quimbee

Here's why 742,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 46,000 briefs, keyed to 986 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.

Access this case brief for FREE

With a 7-day free trial membership
Here's why 742,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
  • Reliable - written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students
  • The right length and amount of information - includes the facts, issue, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents
  • Access in your class - works on your mobile and tablet
  • 46,000 briefs - keyed to 986 casebooks
  • Uniform format for every case brief
  • Written in plain English - not in legalese and not just repeating the court's language
  • Massive library of related video lessons - and practice questions
  • Top-notch customer support

Access this case brief for FREE

With a 7-day free trial membership