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United States v. Cabrales

United States Supreme Court
524 U.S. 1 (1998)


Facts

Vickie S. Cabrales (defendant) deposited $40,000 with the AmSouth Bank in Florida and, within a week’s time, made four separate withdrawals in the amount of $9,500 each from the bank. The money was tied to illegal cocaine sales in Missouri. Cabrales was charged in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Missouri with conspiracy to avoid a transaction-reporting requirement in violation of 18 U.S.C. §§ 371, 1956(a)(1)(B)(ii) (Count I); conducting a financial transaction to avoid a transaction-reporting requirement, in violation of § 1956(a)(1)(B)(ii) (Count II); and engaging in a monetary transaction in criminally derived property of a value greater than $10,000 in violation of § 1957 (Count III). Cabrales moved to dismiss the entire indictment for improper venue. The district court denied the motion as to Count I, but granted it as to Counts II and III. The Government appealed and the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit affirmed the district court’s dismissal of the two counts. The U.S. Supreme Court granted certiorari to review.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Ginsburg, J.)

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