United States v. California
United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
921 F. 3d 865 (2019)
The California state legislature (California) (defendant) enacted three laws to protect immigrants from federal immigration enforcement. AB 450 provided, among other things, that employers had to give employees advance notice of impending federal inspections of employment records. AB 103 empowered the California attorney general to conduct reviews of immigrant detention facilities within the state for confinement conditions, due-process provisions, and the standard of care. SB 54 required state law enforcement to limit cooperation with immigration authorities. State officers were prohibited from asking about immigration statuses, agreeing to federal hold requests, providing inmate release dates or personal information, and assisting immigration authorities in certain activities. Officers were permitted to take designated actions like custody transfers if the federal officers had judicial warrants or probable cause. The federal government (plaintiff) filed suit in federal district court seeking a preliminary injunction against enforcement of these laws. The district court denied the petition for all three laws, and the federal government appealed to the Ninth Circuit.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Smith, J.)
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