The federal government (plaintiff) prosecuted Roberta Dupre and Beverly Stambaugh (defendants) in the federal District Court for the Southern District of New York, alleging that the pair committed wire fraud, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1343. Over several years, Dupre and Stambaugh allegedly defrauded investors of $1,000 each for purported shares in the frozen family funds of former Phillipine President Ferdinand Marcos. The government moved in limine to exclude Dupre's proffered expert evidence, a psychological evaluation indicating that Dupre suffered from bipolar disorder. Dupre's bipolar disorder, in combination with her deeply rooted religious background, confused thought processes, and emotional rigidity, caused Dupre to act in the good-faith belief that God directed her behavior. However, the evaluation also indicated that Dupre was sometimes capable of exercising realistic perception, good judgment, and emotional flexibility.