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United States v. E.C. Knight Co.

United States Supreme Court
156 U.S. 1 (1895)


Facts

In 1890, Congress enacted the Sherman Antitrust Act in an effort to prevent monopolies or restrictive trade agreements that would severely reduce economic competition among businesses. In 1892, the American Sugar Refining Company gained control of the E.C. Knight Company (defendant) and several other sugar manufacturers through sales of stock. The result was to give the American Sugar Refining Company a 98 percent monopoly over the American sugar refining industry. The United States government (plaintiff) sued the E.C. Knight Company for violating the anti-monopoly provisions of the Sherman Antitrust Act in an effort to suppress the transaction.

Rule of Law

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Issue

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Holding and Reasoning (Fuller, C.J.)

The holding and reasoning section includes:

  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

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Dissent (Harlan, J.)

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