From our private database of 26,900+ case briefs...
United States v. Garcia
United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit
625 F.2d 162 (1980)
The United States government (plaintiff) prosecuted Eugene Pete Garcia, Joe Anthony Contreras, and David Lucero (defendants), all of whom were prison inmates, for the second-degree murder of another inmate, Michael Martinez, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1111. The trial evidence established that Martinez had previously threatened Garcia's life. Garcia armed himself with a knife, in preparation for a showdown with Martinez. Contreras and Lucero testified that as Garcia approached Martinez, Martinez pulled out his own knife and began attacking Garcia. The fight soon spilled into a corridor, where prison guards ordered the men to stop. Garcia, Contreras, and Lucero ignored the order. The guards saw the three men chase and catch Martinez. Contreras and Lucero held Martinez down while Garcia stabbed him to death. Garcia claimed he acted in self-defense, and Contreras and Lucero claimed that they merely helped Garcia defend himself. The judge instructed the jury that if they found that Garcia provoked Martinez's attack, self-defense excused the fatal stabbing only if Garcia reasonably believed that he was in mortal danger, and only if he had first exhausted every reasonable defensive measure short of deadly force. The jury convicted all three men. On appeal to the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals, Garcia contended that there was no evidence that he provoked Martinez's attack, and therefore the issue of provocation should not have been submitted to the jury.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Pell, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 541,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Berkeley, and Northwestern—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students.Unlock this case briefRead our student testimonials
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students.Learn about our approachRead more about Quimbee
Here's why 541,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 26,900 briefs, keyed to 983 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.