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United States v. Inadi

United States Supreme Court
475 U.S. 387 (1986)


Facts

Inadi (defendant) was charged with federal drug offenses based, in part, upon legal wiretaps of co-conspirators. Inadi moved the trial court to exclude the recorded statements of co-conspirators. The trial court found that the statements were made by co-conspirators in furtherance of a conspiracy and thereby satisfied the hearsay exemption set forth in the Federal Rules of Evidence. Inadi also asserted that the recorded statements were inadmissible on Confrontation Clause grounds in the absence of a showing that the witnesses were unavailable. The court recommended that the prosecution make an effort to have the witness appear and allowed the admission of the witness’ recorded statements conditioned upon the prosecution’s agreement to produce the witness. The witness claimed to have car troubles and failed to appear. Inadi made no efforts himself to secure the witness’ appearance. The trial court concluded that the witness’ recorded statements were admissible under the Federal Rules of Evidence. Inadi was convicted and took his appeal to the United States Supreme Court.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Powell, J.)

Dissent (Marshall, J.)

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