Logourl black
From our private database of 13,800+ case briefs...

United States v. Iron Shell

United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit
633 F.2d 77 (8th Cir. 1980), cert. denied, 450 U.S. 1001 (1981)


Facts

John Louis Iron Shell (defendant) was accused of assault with intent to rape a nine-year-old girl, Lucy. Lucy was examined by Dr. Mark Hopkins the night of her assault. During the course of his examination of Lucy, Hopkins asked her what happened, and Lucy replied that a man had dragged her into the bushes. Hopkins then asked her if the man had taken her clothes off. Lucy replied that he did. At Iron Shell’s trial, the prosecution called Hopkins and Hopkins testified as to what Lucy had said during the examination over Iron Shell’s objections. Hopkins explained that he used Lucy’s answers to determine where on Lucy’s body to examine more closely. The prosecution claimed that the statements fell under the hearsay exception in Rule 803(4), that they were statements made for the purposes of medical diagnosis or treatment or the cause of medical symptoms reasonably pertinent to diagnosis or treatment. The court permitted the testimony. Iron Shell was convicted, and appealed.

Rule of Law

The rule of law is the black letter law upon which the court rested its decision. To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.

Issue

The issue section includes the dispositive legal issue in the case phrased as a question. To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.

Holding and Reasoning (Stephenson, J.)

The holding and reasoning section includes:

  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.

  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.

Here's why 170,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 13,800 briefs, keyed to 187 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.