The United States government (plaintiff) prosecuted Aleksey Vladimirovich Ivanov (defendant) in the United States District Court for the District of Connecticut for stealing valuable computer data from Online Information Bureau, Inc. (OIB), in violation of the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act, 18 U.S.C. § 1030, and for extortionate interference with interstate commerce, in violation of the Hobbs Act, 18 U.S.C. § 1951. OIB was a Connecticut e-commerce business that served as a clearinghouse for conventional and Internet merchant financial transactions. The indictment alleged that, while living in Russia, Ivanov hacked into OIB's computers, which were located in Connecticut, and thereby gained access to data relating to thousands of merchant financial accounts and consumer credit cards. Allegedly, Ivanov then sent OIB a series of emails threatening to destroy the data unless OIB paid him $10,000 to "protect" OIB's computer system. Ivanov moved to dismiss the indictment because it alleged that each of these acts occurred outside territory subject to federal jurisdiction.