Quimbee logo
DMCA.com Protection Status

United States v. Iverson

162 F.3d 1015 (1998)

Case BriefRelatedOptions
From our private database of 26,900+ case briefs...

United States v. Iverson

United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit

162 F.3d 1015 (1998)

Facts

Iverson (defendant) was charged with five counts of violating the Clean Water Act (CWA). The evidence at trial established that Iverson was president and chairman of CH2O, a company that shipped chemicals to customers in drums. The drums were returned and cleaned in a process that produced wastewater. CH2O disposed of the wastewater through its warehouse sewer. Iverson officially retired from CH2O shortly before the drum-cleaning operation began at the warehouse. He continued to receive money from CH2O, conduct business there, give orders to employees, and be listed as president in official documents. Iverson was sometimes present when drums were being cleaned. At times he informed employees he had a permit for the wastewater disposal, and at other times he told them the company would only be slapped on the wrist if caught. The district court instructed the jury that it could find Iverson liable under the CWA as a responsible corporate officer if it found Iverson knew pollutants were being discharged into the sewer system by CH2O employees, had the authority and capacity to prevent the discharge, and failed to prevent the discharge. Iverson was convicted and argued on appeal that the jury instruction was erroneous because a corporate officer is only responsible if he exercises control over the activity causing the discharge or has an express corporate duty to oversee the activity.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Graber, J.)

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 540,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Berkeley, and Northwestern—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students.

    Unlock this case briefRead our student testimonials
  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students.

    Learn about our approachRead more about Quimbee

Here's why 540,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 26,900 briefs, keyed to 983 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.

Access this case brief for FREE

With a 7-day free trial membership
Here's why 540,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
  • Reliable - written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students
  • The right length and amount of information - includes the facts, issue, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents
  • Access in your class - works on your mobile and tablet
  • 26,900 briefs - keyed to 983 casebooks
  • Uniform format for every case brief
  • Written in plain English - not in legalese and not just repeating the court's language
  • Massive library of related video lessons - and practice questions
  • Top-notch customer support

Access this case brief for FREE

With a 7-day free trial membership