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United States v. Knox

United States Air Force Court of Military Review
1992 WL 97157 (U.S.A.F. Ct. Mil. Rev. 1992), aff’d M.J. 28 (Ct. Mil. App. 1994), cert. denied, 513 U.S. 1153 (1995)


Facts

Knox (defendant) was accused of rape by Theresa, a co-worker at the same shop at Kadena Air Base, Japan. The two had been drinking and celebrating the end of the week with other co-workers. Afterwards, Theresa and her boyfriend joined Knox in his room. At some point, Knox left the room and Theresa fell asleep there with her boyfriend. At this point, Knox and Theresa’s story differed. Theresa testified that she woke up to someone having sex with her. She first assumed it was her boyfriend but then saw it was Knox. Theresa said she did not consent to having sex with Knox. Knox testified that when he returned to his room, Theresa and her boyfriend were having sex. Theresa looked at Knox and he interpreted her allegedly suggestive looks as an invitation to join. He did and had sex with her. Knox claimed that Theresa was awake during this time. At trial, Knox sought to introduce evidence that Theresa had a reputation for promiscuity, that she had taken her top off at a bar, and that at a party, she had performed sexual acts in the presence of others. Knox claimed that this evidence was relevant to his state of mind—that he thought Theresa was consenting to sex by her actions. Knox was convicted of rape and appealed.

Rule of Law

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Issue

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Holding and Reasoning (Hodgson J.)

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  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

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