United States v. Lindstrom
United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit
698 F.2d 1154 (11th Cir. 1983)
Dennis Slater and Joanne Lindstrom (defendants) were charged with fraud due to their roles in a therapy company that allegedly defrauded insurance companies. At trial, the prosecution’s primary witness was a former employee of Slater and Lindstrom’s therapy company. She testified that she discussed alteration of patient insurance records with Slater and Lindstrom, that she and Lindstrom had in fact altered patient records, and that Slater and Lindstrom had ordered her to duplicate billing cards and had ordered patients to sign up for treatments they did not receive. In their cross-examination of the witness, Slater and Lindstrom sought to show that the witness’s motive for initiating the investigation of the company and for her testimony was hatred of and a vendetta against Slater and Lindstrom. Slater and Lindstrom sought to question the witness about various actions that had resulted from her psychiatric illness, including the following: she offered a patient of the therapy company $3,000 to shoot the wife of the witness’s lover; she attempted to shoot a shotgun through the window of her lover’s house, after which she was involuntarily committed; and she had attempted suicide for the purpose of manipulating and punishing her boyfriend. Slater and Lindstrom claimed that by introducing evidence of her psychiatric history, they were attempting to show the witness’s behavioral pattern of manipulative and spiteful conduct toward people close to her. The trial court excluded much of Slater and Lindstrom’s line of questioning, including questions regarding the actions listed above. The trial court found Slater and Lindstrom guilty. Slater and Lindstrom appealed on the ground that the trial court’s limitation of their cross-examination of the witness violated their Sixth Amendment right to confront a witness against them.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Vance, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 169,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 13,800 briefs, keyed to 187 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.