Quimbee logo
DMCA.com Protection Status
From our private database of 18,800+ case briefs...

United States v. Maxwell

United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit
254 F.3d 21 (2001)


The United States Navy conducted live-fire military training operations at Camp Garcia on the island of Vieques, Puerto Rico. Raul Maxwell-Anthony (defendant) and other individuals protested the Navy’s use of Vieques by entering Camp Garcia on three occasions without first obtaining permission from the camp’s commanding officer. The United States (plaintiff) charged Maxwell with misdemeanor trespass. In a pretrial motion, Maxwell raised the affirmative defense of necessity. Maxwell argued his trespass onto Camp Garcia was necessary to prevent nuclear submarines off the coast of Puerto Rico from engaging in live-fire military exercises on Vieques and that there was no alternative but to break the law. The government argued that Maxwell failed to prove all elements of the necessity defense. The district court agreed and rejected Maxwell’s defense. Following a bench trial, the district court convicted Maxwell and sentenced him to 30 days in prison. Maxwell appealed.

Rule of Law


Holding and Reasoning (Selya, J.)

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 498,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.

  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.

Here's why 498,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 18,800 briefs, keyed to 985 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.

Questions & Answers

Have a question about this case?

Sign up for a free 7-day trial and ask it

Sign up for a FREE 7-day trial