United States v. Muhammad
United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit
204 Fed.Appx. 236 (2006)
In Buffalo, New York, an anonymous individual called 911 late one evening to report that a black man in white attire was riding a bicycle and carrying a gun. The 911 dispatcher relayed the information to Officers Cruz and Langdon who drove their patrol car to the vicinity of the sighting and noticed the suspect. The officers activated the car’s spotlight and overhead lights and attempted to slow the bicyclist down. At that point, the suspect later identified as Abdul R. Muhammad (defendant), sped the bicycle up in an attempt to evade the officers. Eventually, Muhammad was boxed in when another patrol car cut off his path. The officers retrained Muhammad and ordered him to place his hands on the trunk of the patrol car. Officer Cruz then noticed a black gym bag strapped to Muhammad’s back. When asked what the bag contained, Muhammad responded that he had a baseball bat. However, knowing the area to be a high crime area and the absence of baseball fields, the officers were concerned that the bag might contain a gun or even a bat which could be used against them. Cruz conducted a pat down of the bag while Langdon patted down Muhammad. Cruz felt something like the muzzle of a gun and opened the bag and seized an assault rifle. Muhammad was charged possession of a firearm by a convicted felon in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(1). Thereafter, Muhammad filed a motion to suppress the rifle on the ground that it was taken in violation of the Fourth Amendment. The district court denied Muhammad’s motion and he appealed.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Miner, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 170,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 13,800 briefs, keyed to 187 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.