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United States v. National Treasury Employees Union

United States Supreme Court
513 U.S. 454 (1995)


Facts

In 1989, Congress enacted a law that broadly prohibited federal employees from accepting any compensation for making speeches or writing articles. The prohibition applied even when neither the subject of the speech or article nor the person or group paying for it had any connection with the employee’s official duties. The National Treasury Employees Union (NTEU) (plaintiff) brought a class action suit challenging the law in federal district court on behalf of all executive branch employees. The district court found that the law violated employees’ First Amendment rights, and the court of appeals affirmed. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.

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Issue

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Holding and Reasoning (Stevens, J.)

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  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
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Dissent (Rehnquist, C.J.)

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