From our private database of 33,800+ case briefs...
United States v. Noriega
United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit
117 F.3d 1206 (1997)
On February 4, 1988, Manuel Noriega (defendant) was indicted on drug-related charges. Noriega had used his position as commander of the Panamanian Defense Forces in the Republic of Panama to help traffic cocaine into the United States. After declaring war between Panama and the United States and subsequently losing control over Panama during the ensuing combat, Noriega surrendered to United States military officials on January 3, 1990, and was brought to Miami for trial on drug-related charges. Before trial, Noriega attempted to rebut the federal government’s argument that he had unexplained wealth by submitting evidence regarding his intelligence work for the United States and contending that the United States had paid him $10 million to perform these tasks. The federal government objected to the evidence. The district court excluded the evidence, determining that the evidence was irrelevant and, alternatively, that the evidence would confuse the issues before the jury. The district court did, however, allow Noriega to present evidence of the fact, amounts, time, source, and method of conveyance of the money that he allegedly received from the United States. The jury convicted Noriega, and the district court entered judgment accordingly. Noriega appealed his convictions and the district court’s denial of his motion for a new trial.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Kravitch, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 605,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Berkeley, and Northwestern—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students.Unlock this case briefRead our student testimonials
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students.Learn about our approachRead more about Quimbee
Here's why 605,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 33,800 briefs, keyed to 984 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.