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United States v. Ramirez

United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
480 F.2d 76 (1973)


Facts

Ramirez (defendant) and Ballan (defendant) and 16 others were charged with conspiracy to import, receive, conceal, and transport marijuana in violation of 21 U.S.C. § 176a. The acts were alleged to have been committed during the time period of March 1970 to November 1970. Defendants were found guilty and sentenced on June 20, 1972. Ramirez received a sentence of seven years in prison and a $15,000 fine and Ballan received a sentence of five years in prison and a fine of $5,000. The sentences were imposed under § 176a, which was repealed May 1, 1971, by the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970. Ramirez and Ballan appealed.

Rule of Law

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Issue

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Holding and Reasoning (Per curiam)

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  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

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Dissent (Hufstedler, J.)

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