United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit
235 F.3d 1318 (2000)
The United States government (plaintiff) prosecuted Mohamed Siddiqui (defendant) for falsely claiming that two scientists recommended his application for a government science prize. At trial, the government introduced as evidence several emails in which the sender asked both scientists for recommendations. The emails contained information about Siddiqui's prize application and scientific activity that only he was likely to know. Siddiqui signed one of the emails with his nickname, which both scientists recognized. The scientists testified that based on the sender's email address, which they previously used to contact Siddiqui, they believed him to be the sender. The scientists also testified they received telephone calls requesting their recommendations. The caller identified himself as Siddiqui and the scientists recognized and could identify Siddiqui's voice. The jury convicted Siddiqui. On appeal to the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit, Siddiqui argued the emails were not authenticated and therefore should not have been admitted as evidence.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (George, J.)
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