United States v. Sokolow
United States Supreme Court
490 U.S. 1 (1989)
Andrew Sokolow (defendant) fit the profile of a drug smuggler. Sokolow purchased expensive airline tickets from Honolulu to Miami in cash, used his mother’s last name, gave the ticket agent a phone number listed under the name of another man (Sokolow’s roommate), did not check any luggage, and spent 20 hours travelling and only 48 hours in Miami. Sokolow was young, dressed in a black jumpsuit and gold jewelry, and appeared nervous. Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) Agents stopped Sokolow in front of the airport on his return to Honolulu. A drug dog hit on one of Sokolow’s bags, and agents secured a search warrant for the bag. Agents found suspicious documents but no drugs. The drug dog tested the bags again and hit on another bag. The next day, agents secured a warrant for the second bag and found over 1,000 grams of cocaine. Sokolow was indicted for possession of cocaine with intent to distribute in violation of 21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1). Sokolow moved to suppress the evidence found in the bags. The United States District Court for Hawaii found reasonable cause existed and denied the motion. The United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit reversed.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Rehnquist, C.J.)
Dissent (Marshall, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 170,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 13,800 briefs, keyed to 187 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.