Quimbee logo
DMCA.com Protection Status
From our private database of 17,300+ case briefs...

United States v. Stephens

United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit
421 F.3d 503 (2005)


The federal government (plaintiff) prosecuted Wayne Stephens (defendant) for wire fraud, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1343. The trial evidence established that Stephens used the "add to" function of his company's computer payroll system to submit a string of requests for the reimbursement of $67,395 in business expenses that Stephens never actually incurred. At the time, there was no written company policy explicitly prohibiting such conduct. However, the company did have a credit card policy, which allowed an employee to obtain cash advances for personal purposes only if the employee repaid the company at the end of the month. The company required employees to submit expense-account billings for supervisor review. At first, Stephens complied with that requirement, but he stopped complying when a new supervisor proved to be remiss in checking expense-account billings. Stephens no longer sent his billings to the supervisor, and entered his own name in the supervisor field of his expense account. Initially, Stephens submitted billings for relatively small amounts. Stephens knew that if he was caught, he could claim that the billing resulted from a simple clerical error. Gradually, however, Stephens started submitting larger billings that eventually caught the attention of company auditors. The ensuing audit uncovered Stephens' history of falsified billings. The jury convicted Stephens. On appeal to the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals, Stephens contended that he made no misrepresentations and that the jury lacked sufficient evidence that he intended to defraud his employer.

Rule of Law


Holding and Reasoning (Rovner, J.)

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 457,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.

  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.

Here's why 457,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 17,300 briefs, keyed to 984 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.

Questions & Answers

Have a question about this case?

Sign up for a free 7-day trial and ask it

Sign up for a FREE 7-day trial