Quimbee logo
DMCA.com Protection Status
From our private database of 17,300+ case briefs...

United States v. Torralba-Mendia

United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
784 F.3d 652 (2015)


Miguel Torralba-Mendia (defendant) was charged with conspiring to smuggle undocumented immigrants into the United States. At Torralba-Mendia’s trial, the United States (plaintiff) introduced into evidence I-213 immigration forms for Torralba-Mendia’s passengers who had been detained during the government’s investigation. The forms, which were labeled “Record of Deportable/Inadmissible Alien,” were regularly filled out and kept by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). Each form contained information including the alien’s name, photograph, fingerprints, and date and method of departure from the United States, and each was signed by a Customs and Border Patrol agent. The forms also contained the agent’s statement regarding how the alien was caught and statements from the alien about his or her country of origin and address. The government redacted the agents’ and aliens’ statements before introducing the forms into evidence. The government used the forms to show that many passengers detained during the investigation were deported. A jury convicted Torralba-Mendia, and he appealed to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. Torralba-Mendia argued on appeal that the I-213 forms contained inadmissible hearsay and that admitting them into evidence violated his constitutional right to confront the witnesses against him.

Rule of Law


Holding and Reasoning (Murphy, J.)

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 457,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.

  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.

Here's why 457,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 17,300 briefs, keyed to 984 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.

Questions & Answers

Have a question about this case?

Sign up for a free 7-day trial and ask it

Sign up for a FREE 7-day trial