From our private database of 14,100+ case briefs...
United States v. Vasquez-Velasco
United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
15 F.3d 833 (1994)
Javier Vasquez-Velasco (defendant) was allegedly a member of the Guadalajara Narcotics Cartel, a drug trafficking group in Guadalajara, Mexico. The cartel was engaged in drug trafficking in the United States in the early 1980s. In 1984 and 1985, members of the American Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) engaged in law enforcement activities resulting in losses of billions of dollars to the cartel. In retaliation for these losses, Vasquez-Velasco and his co-defendants allegedly engaged in violent crimes in aid of a racketeering enterprise in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1959. Vasquez-Velasco was charged with the 1985 kidnapping and murders of Enrique Camarena, an American agent with the DEA, and Alfredo Zavala, a DEA informant. At trial, however, it came out that Vasquez-Velasco had actually been involved with the murders of two other men in a different incident. On January 30, 1985 in Guadalajara, Mexico, Vasquez-Velasco gathered with other members of the drug cartel at the La Langosta restaurant. Two men—John Walker, an American author, and Alberto Radelat, an American photographer—entered the restaurant. The drug cartel mistook them for DEA agents, and they were seized and beaten by members of the drug cartel. They were tortured until one confessed they were police, and were then dragged outside and killed in a field. Vasquez-Velasco was convicted of these crimes in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1959, and appealed. On appeal, he argued that the district court erred in ruling that § 1959 applies extraterritorially and in finding that it had jurisdiction over the matter.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Fletcher, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 221,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,100 briefs, keyed to 189 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.