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Young v. Commissioner

United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit
240 F.3d 369 (2001)


Facts

In 1988, Louise and John Young (plaintiffs) obtained a divorce. In 1989, they entered into a settlement agreement governing the distribution of their marital assets. Under the terms of the settlement, John executed a $1.5 million promissory note to Louise, secured by 71 acres of property that John had received in the settlement. By October 1990, John was unable to make his payments on the promissory note. Louise brought suit to recover the payments in state court. The court issued a judgment in Louise’s favor. Before Louise took steps to execute the judgment, she and John entered into another settlement agreement in 1992, under which John transferred 59 of his 71 acres of property in full satisfaction of his obligations. The 1992 agreement also included a repurchase option, by which John retained the right to buy back the 59 acres by the end of the year. John assigned the repurchase option to a third party, who purchased the property from Louise for $2.2 million within the allotted time. Neither John nor Louise reported capital gains for the disposition of the 59 acres. The Commissioner (defendant) determined deficiencies against each of them, and they each brought suit in the Tax Court. The Tax Court consolidated their cases and ruled that because the transfer from John to Louise was incident to their divorce, John did not realize a capital gain and Louise adopted John’s adjusted basis. Accordingly, the Tax Court held that Louise owed capital gains taxes for her subsequent sale of the property for $2.2 million.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Motz, J.)

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