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Zamlen v. City of Cleveland
United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit
906 F.2d 209 (1990)
In 1983, the City of Cleveland (city) (defendant) designed and administered an entry-level firefighter examination. The examination consisted of three events that simulated actual firefighting tasks. A barbell-lift event was designed to simulate the use of a pike pole to tear out ceilings. A fire-scene setup and tower-climb event were intended to simulate setting up ladders and climbing stairs. Finally, a dummy-drag event simulated the rescue of a disabled person. There was evidence indicating that higher test scores directly correlated with higher supervisor ratings. But no women were hired as firefighters in 1983. Several women (plaintiffs) who had unsuccessfully applied to be firefighters brought suit against the city. These female applicants contended that the examination had a disparate impact on women in violation of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VII). The district court found in favor of the city. The female applicants appealed.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Norris, J.)
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