From our private database of 35,600+ case briefs...
Zavala v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.
United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit
691 F.3d 527 (2012)
A group of undocumented immigrants, including Victor Zavala (plaintiffs), worked for contractors hired by Wal Mart Stores Incorporated (Wal-Mart) (defendant) to provide cleaning services. The cleaning crews worked in Wal-Mart stores at night and on the weekends when the stores were otherwise closed. During those times, the stores’ exits were locked pursuant to Wal-Mart’s store policy. Crewmembers could ask managers to open the doors, but managers were not always available. Zavala and the other crewmembers sued Wal-Mart in federal district court. One of their claims sought damages for false imprisonment based on Wal-Mart’s alleged practice of locking stores with the cleaning crews inside and not having managers available to open the doors. A crewmember alleged that on one occasion, he wanted to leave the store but could not because his manager would not let him. Another crewmember alleged that she was sick during her shift and wanted to leave, but no managers were available to let her out. Wal-Mart countered with declarations from store managers who swore that managers were available to unlock doors “when necessary” and that the stores had properly marked and operational emergency exits. Wal-Mart also argued that the crewmembers had consented to the alleged “imprisonment” by continuing to come to work even though they knew Wal-Mart’s policy of locking the stores’ doors. The crewmembers argued that they were never told about the emergency exits, and that if even if they could have used the exits, they did not want to trigger an alarm or risk losing their jobs. The district court granted summary judgment for Wal-Mart on the false-imprisonment claim. The crewmembers appealed.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Smith, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 619,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Berkeley, and Northwestern—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students.Unlock this case briefRead our student testimonials
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students.Learn about our approachRead more about Quimbee
Here's why 619,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 35,600 briefs, keyed to 984 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.