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Constitutional Law

Other Article III Justiciability Doctrines

Other Article III Justiciability Doctrines

Learn about the related doctrines of ripeness and mootness, how they inform when a dispute becomes appropriate for judicial resolution, and when the courts lose the power to resolve a previously live controversy.


I. Ripeness

Ripeness is best understood as a doctrine about the timing of a lawsuit and whether the plaintiff has prematurely sought to challenge the defendant’s alleged misconduct. As a general proposition, speculative or hypothetical injuries will usually fail to satisfy the injury-in-fact prong of standing doctrine. Ripeness, in contrast, more typically focuses on when a party may seek pre-enforcement review of a statute or regulation. In those cases, the injury for standing purposes...