Public Law 280

Public Law 280

Definition

[18 U.S.C. § 1162, 28 U.S.C. § 1360] A federal law granting state courts full jurisdiction to hear matters involving criminal offenses committed on an Indian reservation and limited jurisdiction over civil matters arising on the reservation. The law protects hunting, trapping, and fishing rights as set out in federal treaties, agreements, and statutes.

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