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Baldwin v. Fish & Game Commission of Montana
United States Supreme Court
436 U.S. 371 (1978)
The State of Montana operated a hunting licensing scheme that permitted Montana residents to purchase single-animal hunting licenses for very low fees, but required out-of-state residents to purchase combination licenses for significantly more money, regardless of what animals they wished to hunt in the state. Lester Baldwin (plaintiff) was a Montana resident who operated a hunting-guide business. He and several of his Minnesota clients, all previous hunters in Montana, brought suit against the Fish & Game Commission of Montana (defendant) in federal district court seeking declaratory and injunctive relief on the grounds that the Montana statute violated the Privileges and Immunities Clause of the Constitution. A three-judge panel of the district court denied relief to all plaintiffs, and they appealed to the United States Supreme Court.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Blackmun, J.)
Concurrence (Burger, C.J.)
Dissent (Brennan, J.)
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