Privileges and Immunities Clause

Definition

A provision of Article IV of the United States Constitution that prohibits state governments from discriminating against out-of-state residents without a substantial reason when denying certain rights to individuals. Although Article IV does not list the protected privileges and immunities, the Supreme Court has interpreted the clause to apply to matters including the right to engage in a common occupation within a state, the right to own private property in a state, and the right to access a state's courts.

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