Quimbee logo
DMCA.com Protection Status

California v. Bernhardt

472 F. Supp. 3d 573 (2020)

Case BriefRelatedOptions
From our private database of 33,600+ case briefs...

California v. Bernhardt

United States District Court for the Northern District of California

472 F. Supp. 3d 573 (2020)

Facts

Congress enacted the Mineral Leasing Act of 1920 (MLA) to protect federal resources and to encourage the efficient development of federal lands for gas, oil, and minerals. The MLA authorized the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) to protect the interests of the United States and to safeguard the public welfare by enacting rules preventing oil-and-gas lessees from unduly wasting oil or gas developed on the land. The MLA also required lessees to use all reasonable precautions to prevent waste; however, the statute did not specifically define waste. In 2016, the BLM issued a rule (the 2016 rule) to reduce waste of oil or gas on federal land leases. The 2016 rule, which modernized a rule enacted in 1980, would have reduced venting of natural gas by 35 percent and flaring of natural gas by 49 percent, reduced greenhouse gas emissions, and decreased company profits by an average of 0.15 percent per company. In its regulatory impact analysis, the BLM concluded that the 2016 rule’s benefits significantly outweighed its costs. In 2018, the BLM reversed course and issued a new waste-prevention rule (the rescission) effectively repealing the 2016 rule. In support of the rescission, the BLM stated that the 2016 rule had imposed excessive regulatory burdens on oil-and-gas lessees and that its compliance costs would have exceeded the value of the natural gas being conserved. In enacting the rescission, the BLM redefined “waste of oil or gas” to focus on the lessee’s economic situation. Pursuant to the new definition, waste occurred only if a lessee’s compliance costs were less than the monetary value of the resources expected to be conserved. Applying this definition, the BLM asserted that, in enacting the 2016 rule, it had exceeded its statutory authority to regulate the prevention of waste. The State of California (plaintiff) challenged the rescission. Specifically, California argued that the BLM’s new definition of waste was unreasonable.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Rogers, J.)

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 602,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Berkeley, and Northwestern—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students.

    Unlock this case briefRead our student testimonials
  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students.

    Learn about our approachRead more about Quimbee

Here's why 602,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 33,600 briefs, keyed to 984 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.

Access this case brief for FREE

With a 7-day free trial membership
Here's why 602,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
  • Reliable - written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students
  • The right length and amount of information - includes the facts, issue, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents
  • Access in your class - works on your mobile and tablet
  • 33,600 briefs - keyed to 984 casebooks
  • Uniform format for every case brief
  • Written in plain English - not in legalese and not just repeating the court's language
  • Massive library of related video lessons - and practice questions
  • Top-notch customer support

Access this case brief for FREE

With a 7-day free trial membership