From our private database of 28,500+ case briefs...
Chevron U.S.A., Inc. v. Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc.
United States Supreme Court
467 U.S. 837 (1984)
The 1977 Amendments to the Clean Air Act (CAA) required polluters in certain areas to obtain a permit from a state regulator before building any new or modified stationary sources of air pollution. The state regulator could only grant the permit if the polluter met specific requirements regarding the abatement of new pollution. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) promulgated a rule interpreting the term “stationary source” to include what the agency called a “bubble policy.” Under this policy, an existing plant containing several pollution-emitting devices could install or modify one piece of equipment without a permit if the alteration did not increase the total emissions from the plant. The Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) (plaintiff) challenged the EPA’s interpretation of the word “source.” Specifically, the NRDC argued that the word referred to each individual pollution-emitting piece of equipment, which meant that a plant would need to obtain a permit any time it created a new source of pollution or modified an existing source if the effect were to increase the pollution from the source. Finding that this interpretation best served the goals of the CAA, the court of appeals agreed with the NRDC. In reaching this decision, the court recognized that Congress had not expressed an intent regarding the applicability of the bubble concept to the permit program. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari to review the appellate court’s decision.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Stevens, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 545,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Berkeley, and Northwestern—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students.Unlock this case briefRead our student testimonials
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students.Learn about our approachRead more about Quimbee
Here's why 545,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 28,500 briefs, keyed to 983 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.