From our private database of 33,800+ case briefs...
Federal Trade Commission v. Indiana Federation of Dentists
United States Supreme Court
476 U.S. 447 (1986)
In 1976, a group of dentists in Indiana formed the Indiana Federation of Dentists (the Federation) (defendant) and began a policy of ignoring requests from dental-insurance companies for the X-rays of patients. Dental insurers had been using X-rays to determine the cheapest adequate treatment for patients, and the Federation viewed this practice as a danger to the autonomy and ability of dentists to succeed financially. In 1978, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) (plaintiff) brought a complaint against the Federation, alleging that the collective practice of withholding X-rays eliminated competition among dentists regarding policies for dealing with insurers. The FTC concluded that the practice was an unreasonable restraint of trade in violation of the Sherman Act. The Federation appealed the decision, and the court of appeals reversed. The FTC appealed.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (White, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 606,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Berkeley, and Northwestern—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students.Unlock this case briefRead our student testimonials
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students.Learn about our approachRead more about Quimbee
Here's why 606,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 33,800 briefs, keyed to 984 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.