Milford Central School (Milford) (defendant) enacted a community use policy, which included a provision that prohibited use of the school building “by any individual or organization for religious purposes.” The policy also stated that any group that “promote[s] the moral and character development of children” may use the school building. The Good News Club (Club) (plaintiff), a private Christian children’s organization, applied to use the school cafeteria for its meetings. The Club stated that its meetings included prayer and learning and reciting Bible verses. Milford denied the Club’s application on the basis of its community use policy, stating that the meetings were “the equivalent of religious worship.” The Club sued Milford. The district court granted Milford’s motion for summary judgment. The United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit affirmed. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.